Skin Cancer

The abnormal growth of skin cells, often triggered by ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or tanning beds.

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Skin cancer is a condition characterized by the abnormal growth of skin cells, often due to exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or tanning beds. It is the most common type of cancer worldwide. This article aims to provide factual information about skin cancer, including its symptoms, causes, effects, associated dangers, available treatments, and whether it is treatable.


The symptoms of skin cancer can vary depending on the type and stage of the cancer. Common signs may include:

  1. Changes in Moles or Birthmarks: This includes changes in size, shape, color, or texture.
  2. New Growth or Sore: This may be a raised, shiny bump, a red or dark patch, or an open sore that does not heal.
  3. Itching, Pain, or Bleeding: Any unusual sensations or bleeding from a mole or spot on the skin should be evaluated.

Who Suffers from It?

Skin cancer can affect individuals of all ages and skin types. However, it is more common in individuals with fair skin, those with a history of sunburns or excessive UV exposure, and those with a family history of skin cancer. Additionally, older adults and individuals with weakened immune systems are at higher risk.

Effects of Skin Cancer

If left untreated, skin cancer can grow and spread to other parts of the body, leading to more serious health complications. In severe cases, it can be life-threatening. Additionally, surgical removal of skin cancer, especially in visible areas, can result in scarring or disfigurement.

Dangers Associated with Skin Cancer

The most significant danger associated with skin cancer is its potential to metastasize, or spread to other organs. Melanoma, a type of skin cancer, has a higher risk of metastasis if not detected and treated early. Metastatic skin cancer can be challenging to treat and may have a poor prognosis.

Is Skin Cancer Treatable?

Yes, skin cancer is treatable, especially when detected early. Common treatments include:

  1. Surgical Excision: This involves removing the cancerous tissue along with a margin of healthy tissue.
  2. Mohs Surgery: This precise technique involves removing layers of skin one at a time, examining each under a microscope until no cancer cells are present.
  3. Radiation Therapy: This may be used in cases where surgery is not possible or to target cancer cells that may remain after surgery.
  4. Chemotherapy and Immunotherapy: These systemic treatments may be used for advanced or metastatic skin cancer.
  5. Targeted Therapy: This type of treatment targets specific genetic mutations in cancer cells.


Skin cancer is a common condition caused by abnormal cell growth in the skin, often due to UV exposure. Early detection and treatment are crucial for a positive prognosis. Regular skin examinations and sun protection measures are important in preventing and managing skin cancer. Individuals should seek prompt medical attention for any suspicious skin changes. Consulting with a dermatologist or oncologist is recommended for proper diagnosis and treatment planning.

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Other dermatological conditions treated at Al Farid Hospital.