An autoimmune condition that leads to the rapid buildup of skin cells, resulting in thick, red patches covered with silvery scales.

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Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune skin condition that causes cells to build up rapidly on the surface of the skin. This leads to the development of thick, red patches covered with silvery scales. While not contagious, psoriasis can have a significant impact on an individual’s physical and emotional well-being. This article aims to provide factual information about psoriasis, including its symptoms, causes, effects, associated dangers, available treatments, and whether it is treatable.


The symptoms of psoriasis can vary widely among individuals and may include:

  1. Red Patches: These are often covered with thick, silvery scales and can occur anywhere on the body.
  2. Dry, Cracked Skin: Psoriasis can lead to dry and cracked skin that may bleed or be painful.
  3. Itching or Burning Sensation: The affected areas may be itchy or feel like they are burning or stinging.
  4. Pitted Nails: Psoriasis can affect the nails, causing small dents or pits to develop.
  5. Stiff or Swollen Joints: In some cases, psoriasis can lead to joint pain or swelling, a condition known as psoriatic arthritis.

Who Suffers from It?

Psoriasis can affect individuals of all ages, including children and adults. It is estimated that about 2-3% of the global population has psoriasis. It is more common in adults, and the onset is often seen between the ages of 15 and 35. While it can occur in people of any race, it is more prevalent in Caucasians.

Effects of Psoriasis

Psoriasis can have both physical and emotional effects on individuals. Physically, it can lead to discomfort, pain, and sometimes limited mobility, especially if joints are affected. Emotionally, psoriasis can lead to feelings of self-consciousness, embarrassment, and even depression due to its visible nature.

Dangers Associated with Psoriasis

From a medical standpoint, psoriasis is not considered dangerous. However, severe cases can have a substantial impact on an individual’s quality of life. Additionally, individuals with psoriasis may be at a slightly higher risk for certain health conditions, such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes.

Is Psoriasis Treatable?

While there is no known cure for psoriasis, the condition can be effectively managed with appropriate treatment. Common treatments include:

  1. Topical Treatments: These may include creams, ointments, or shampoos containing corticosteroids, retinoids, or other medications to reduce inflammation and scales.
  2. Phototherapy: This involves exposing the skin to ultraviolet light, which can help slow the growth of skin cells.
  3. Systemic Medications: In more severe cases, oral or injected medications may be prescribed to suppress the immune system and reduce inflammation.
  4. Biologic Drugs: These targeted therapies block specific parts of the immune system and are effective in treating moderate to severe psoriasis.


Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune skin condition characterized by the rapid buildup of skin cells. While it is not contagious, it can have a significant impact on an individual’s physical and emotional well-being. Early intervention and appropriate treatment can help manage the condition and improve the quality of life for individuals affected by psoriasis. Consulting with a dermatologist is recommended for proper diagnosis and treatment planning.

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Other dermatological conditions treated at Al Farid Hospital.